Author Archives: Rado Ratovonarivo

Water Movement in Patan: With reference to Traditional Stone Spout in Nepal

Water Movement in Patan: With reference to Traditional Stone Spout in NepalThis book is the result of the interesting and important movement taking place in Patan, Lalitpur. The scarcity of water in Kathmandu Valley has pushed the population back to the traditional water conduits, the perennial sources which was built with the knowledge, skills and wisdom that started even before the Christian Era and took a complete shape more than fifteen centuries before in this valley. Later it was expanded and polished. However, this water civilization was realised very recently after the immense scarcity of water faced by the valley population.

Constructed Wetland Manual

Constructed wetland ManualIn a rapidly urbanizing world, poor environmental sanitation has emerged as a majorchallenge, threatening the health and livelihoods particularly of the poor. It is also nowclear, that if business continues as usual, the sanitation related MDG to halve by 2015, theproportion of people without sustainable access to basic sanitation will not be met.

Mere provision of toilets is not enough to ensure good environmental sanitation. Excreta from toilets needs to be transported and disposed of safely without creating an environmentalhealth hazard. While in the large cities of industrialized countries this is usually achievedthrough centralized wastewater management systems with advanced treatment technologies,such systems tend to be expensive and difficult to operate.

Smaller, decentralized, wastewater management and treatment systems such as constructedwetlands can be a viable alternative for many urban areas in developing countries. Constructedwetlands are relatively inexpensive to build where land is aff ordable and can be easily operated and maintained even by the community.

This manual, drawing upon a number of examples in Nepal, provides basic guidance on thedesign, construction and operation and maintenance of constructed wetlands and alsoindicates situations where this may not be a feasible alternative.

Life skill materials

Life skillsLife skill materials
These are some of the issues that adolescent’s face on their journey to adulthood, but are often unable to resolve. The truth is that, these are issues with no simple answers. But if ignored or dismissed with conventional responses, for instance “of course, you are not supposed to discuss sex, it’s a dirty subject,” or “how dare you go against us, we know who is the best marriage partner for you! ”. The effect on young person can be very negative, and life- long.

  • A Survey of teenagers in Nepal
  • Booklet 1: Setting goals for yourself (Afno laxchya kasari nirdharan garne)
  • Booklet 2: Interpersonal relationships (Anter becti sambhandhan kasari pravabakari banaune)
  • Booklet 3: Managing emotions and stress( Sambeg ra tanab babesthapan kasari garne)
  • Booklet 4: Making responsible decisions (Uterdaiepurna nirnaya kasari garne)
  • Booklet 5: Smiling to your problem (Samashaya kasari samadhan garne)
  • Booklet 6: Taking control of your own life (Afno jeevan mathi kasari nirnaya garne)
  • Booklet 7: Reproductive health & prevention of HIVAIDS (Kisor kisorika jigyasha)
  • Booklet 8: What are life skills (Jeevan upougi sheep haru ke ke hun)
  • Life Skills brochure
  • Life skills guide book (English Version)
  • Novella 2: A new life (Naya Jeevan)
  • Novella 3: Getting to know yourself  (Afu lai chainu)
  • Novella 4: Career choice (Jeevan ko Laxchya)
  • Novella 5: Dealing with discrimination (Bhedbhav)
  • Novella 6: Setting goals ( Afano nirnaya)
  • Novella 7: A different path (Dhairaya ko bhato)
  • Novella courage of Sunala (Sunila ko sahash)
  • Unicef in Nepal 2008 2010 screen
  • Unicef in nepal fundraising facing

Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive

Global Plan towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers AliveThis Global Plan provides the foundation for country-led movement towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children and keeping their mothers alive. The Global Plan was developed through a consultative process by a high level Global Task Team convened by UNAIDS and co-chaired by UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé and United States Global AIDS Coordinator Ambassador Eric Goosby. It brought together 25 countries and 30 civil society, private sector, networks of people living with HIV and international organizations to chart a roadmap to achieving this goal by 2015.

Responses to Human Trafficking in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka

Responses to Human Trafficking in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri LankaThe United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Regional Office for South Asia, (UNODC ROSA) and the UN Women, South Asia signed a Memorandum of Understanding, whereby they committed to strengthen the existing cooperation in dealing with the organized crime of human trafficking in the South Asian countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Maledives and Sri Lanka. The Protocol seeks to prevent trafficking in persons, protect victims of trafficking and promote cooperating among State Parties in order to meet these objectives. Within South Asia, the legal regime is diverse, and the SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution, 2002, represents a need and political commitment from countries in the SAARC region.

Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka have all taken steps in the right direction to combat human trafficking; however, there is a need to look closely at country specific laws to understand where the gaps lie. It is in the light of this, that a Legal and Policy Review of Responses to Human Trafficking has been taken up. This Report looks at the law and policy, especially in the context of the Protocol, supplementing work already available in different studies

Status and Strategy for Faecal Sludge Management in The Kathmandu Valley (UN-Habitat)

Status and Strategy for Faecal Sludge Management in The Kathmandu ValleyIn the Kathmandu Valley, around 70% of the households dispose their excreta directly into the sewer line while remaining 30% of the households still depend on onsite systems such as pit latrines and septic tanks. Onsite sanitation systems are prevalent mostly in the peri-urban areas of the Kathmandu Valley. The study shows that 30% of households in urban areas of Lalitpur, 8% in Bhaktapur and 18% in Kathmandu Districts still use septic tanks for disposal of excreta while in the peri-urban areas more than 50% of the households use such onsite systems. Even though there are service providers for feacal sludge collection, due to absence of a proper faecal sludge management (FSM) system almost all the collected sludge is discharged into rivers. Thus, there is an urgent need for a proper FSM system in the Kathmandu Valley. Such system could be operated through a public private partnership approach under a responsible institution/authority. By establishing the FSM system in Kathmandu it will be a good demonstration for other urban or peri-urban areas and emerging towns in the country facing similar sanitation problems.

This is a joint publication of UN-HABITAT and High Powered Committee for Integrated Development of Bagmati Civilisation which highlights issues on FSM system in the Kathmandu Valley with recommendation and strategies for its improvement.

Nepal Country Impact Study (UN-Habitat)

Nepal Country Impact StudyThis document is an internal Nepal country impact study of initiatives supported by UN-HABITAT’s Water and Sanitation Trust Fund (WSTF) undertaken by a team of international consultants. The objective of the WSTF is to bring in new investment and ideas, expand service coverage for poor urban dwellers, and help build momentum for achieving the MDGs.

UN-HABITAT is a newcomer to the Urban WATSAN sector in Nepal, but has managed to establish itself as a notable development partner in this field. UNHABITAT’s comparative advantage is its focus on the complex problem of the urban poor, the ability to integrate WSS approaches across the urban sector, and community involvement from the outset of the project.