UN in Nepal

United Nations in Nepal

UN Country Team focal points
The following links have organizational UN Country team.
URL: http://www.undg.org/unct.cfm?fuseaction=UNCT%20Database%20|%20UN%20Country%20Teams
Nepal Country Team
URL: http://www.undg.org/unct.cfm?module=CoordinationProfile&page=Country&CountryID=NEP&fuseaction=UN%20Country%20Coordination%20Profile%20for%20Nepal

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Nepal became member of FAO on 21 November 1951. Between 1967 and 2003, some 160 projects and programmes covering various aspects of agriculture such as policies and legislations, crop diversification, vegetable production, dairy farming, small farmer development, aquaculture, community and leasehold forestry development, marketing and post harvest management, empowerment of women and participatory watershed management have been implemented in the country. At present FAO is co-operating with various agencies of Nepal through 9 ongoing projects and programme covering such areas as: integrated pest management, olive production and processing, fodder oat technologies, transboundry animal diseases, plant quarantine and review of agricultural policies and legislation. FAO is co-operating with Government of Nepal in operationalising the Agriculture Perspective Plan (APP), which was approved in 1995 and covers up to the year 2015.

International Labour Organization (ILO)
Nepal joined the ILO in 1966. The ILO activities and programmes in Nepal are concentrated on the following major areas: i) poverty alleviation through employment promotion; ii) improvement of industrial relations and labour administration; iii) elimination of child and bonded labour; and iv) improvement of working conditions, occupational safety and health at work places and promotion of social protection. Gender mainstreaming is a key strategy for gender equality. The following ILO-executed programmes are ongoing in Nepal: Time Bound Programme (TBP) on the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour ; Prevention of HIV/AIDS in the World of Work in Nepal ; Capacity Building of Employers’ Organizations in Productivity and Competitiveness; Sustainable Elimination of Bonded Labour in Nepal; Combating Child Trafficking for Labour and Sexual Exploitation; Extending Social Protection to Workers in the Informal Economy; Community Action for the Elimination of Child (bonded) Labour from Exploitative and Hazardous Work .

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
UNAIDS Programme enhances the joint UN action at country and regional level to support the national HIV/AIDS response. In order to achieve that, UNAIDS thrieves to increase the UN system capacity for a coherent and expanded response and mainstream HIV/AIDS into UN development instruments. It works on a harmonized, multi-sectoral response under one national programme, coordinated by one national authority, and having one monitoring and evaluation framework. Furthermore, UNAIDS gives support to programming scale up by engaging broad partnerships in prevention and treatment, care and support programmes and by supporting expanded targeted interventions for most at risk populations, especially migrants and IDUs. UNAIDS also facilitates the provision of technical support. It will support the National HIV/AIDS Programme and partners for accessing and managing technical assistance and through technical resource facilities it will support a functional Technical Advisory Group within the framework of the UN implementation of the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It works with civil society organizations, including people living with HIV/AIDS.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) (THE OFFICE HAS CLOSED DOWN)
The mandate of the OHCHR in Nepal was set out in  April 2005 by an Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Nepal and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The mandate includes the following objectives:  Monitor the observance of human rights and international humanitarian law throughout the country, including by carrying out investigations by international human rights officers; Advise the authorities of Nepal on the formulation and implementation of policies, programmes and measures for the promotion and protection of human rights in Nepal; Provide advisory services and support to the National Human Rights Commission, representatives of civil society, human rights NGOs and individuals; Submit analytic reports to the Commission on Human Rights and the General Assembly.

The Office of the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. In more than five decades, the agency has helped an estimated 50 million people restart their lives. Today, a staff of around 6,689 people in 116 countries continues to help 20.8 million persons.
Source: United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees: Basic facts

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF is the driving force that helps build a world where the rights of every child are realized. We have the global authority to influence decision-makers, and the variety of partners at grassroots level to turn the most innovative ideas into reality.  That makes us unique among world organizations, and unique among those working with the young. We believe that nurturing and caring for children are the cornerstones of human progress.  UNICEF was created with this purpose in mind – to work with others to overcome the obstacles that poverty, violence, disease and discrimination place in a child’s path.  We believe that we can, together, advance the cause of humanity.  We work in 191 countries through country programmes and National Committees.
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund: About UNICEF

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Fighting poverty through sustainable human development is UNDP’s number one priority in Nepal . When the organisation established its office in Kathmandu in 1963, Nepal had just opened its door to the world only a decade earlier. UNDP was one of the first donor agencies to support projects in infrastructure, irrigation and power. UNDP’s Country Cooperation Framework (CCF II 2002-2006) outlines comprehensive objectives for poverty alleviation for fulfilling national targets of reducing poverty by 20% by 2010 and the Millennium Development Goal of halving poverty by 2015. UNDP addresses poverty alleviation through supporting development projects in five main target areas: Democratic Governance; Pro-poor Policies and Sustainable Livelihoods; Gender Equality and Social Development; Environment and Energy; Conflict Prevention and Recovery. Cross-cutting areas such as HIV/AIDS is being tackled by UNDP in Nepal working closely with the government, local bodies, NGOs, Community Based Organisations (CBOs) and private partners.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
UNESCO Kathmandu Office was established in 1998 upon conclusion of the agreement with His Majesty’s Government of Nepal. Its programme priority areas are Education and Culture. Under Education, it provides technical assistance to support the Education for All (EFA) movement in Nepal , with particular emphasis on gender equality in education and literacy and non-formal education through community-based lifelong learning programmes. UNESCO also supports the Ministry of Education and Sports by strengthening its Education Management and Information Systems (EMIS). UNESCO’s Cultural activities include the preservation of cultural heritage – both tangible and intangible — the promotion of cultural diversity, and the development of cultural/eco tourism. Additionally, UNESCO promotes and provides technical support for intellectual cooperation in poverty reduction, environmental protection, human rights protection, and sustainable development. It further provides Information Communication Technology (ICT) for community development.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
The overall goal of the UNFPA’s Country Programme of support to Nepal is to contribute to reducing poverty and improving the quality of life of the people of Nepal . Under the Fifth Country Programme (2002-2006), The UNFPA strives to contribute to a higher quality of life for the Nepali people by promoting improved reproductive health and a balance between population dynamics and socio-economic development. Advocacy for RH and population concerns, HIV/AIDS and gender are crosscutting issues reflected in all activities. In the Fifth Country Programme, the UNFPA supports Nepal through projects targeting to strengthen the Department of Health Services at the central level for the promotion and delivery of RH Services, to improve access to quality of RH services to women, men and adolescents, including prevention of HIV/AIDS.

World Bank
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the common sense. We are made up of two unique development institutions owned by 184 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes.
Source: World Bank: About us

World Food Programme (WFP)
As the food aid arm of the UN, WFP uses its food to: meet emergency needs and support economic and social development. The Agency also provides the logistics support necessary to get food aid to the right people at the right time and in the right place. WFP works to put hunger at the centre of the international agenda, promoting policies, strategies and operations that directly benefit the poor and hungry.
Source: World Food Programme: About WFP

World Health Organization (WHO)
The World Health Organization is the United Nations specialized agency for health. It was established on 7 April 1948. WHO’s objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO’s Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO is governed by 193 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The Health Assembly is composed of representatives from WHO’s Member States. The main tasks of the World Health Assembly are to approve the WHO programme and the budget for the following biennium and to decide major policy questions.
Source: World Health Organization: About WHO

United Nations Mission In Nepal (UNMIN)(THE OFFICE HAS CLOSED DOWN)
The United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) is a special political mission established by the United Nations Security Council, Resolution 1740, to support the peace process in Nepal: in particular, to assist in the conduct of the Constituent Assembly election in a free and fair atmosphere.

UNMIN was established in response to requests by the Seven-Party Alliance Government and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in their letters to the Secretary-General of 9 August 2006 in which they asked the UN to assist in creating a free and fair atmosphere for the election of the Constituent Assembly and the entire peace process. The parties went on to sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement on 21 November 2006, and UNMIN officially began its work on 23 January 2007 with the adoption of Resolution 1740.

Before UNMIN was established, from August 2006, the United Nations assisted the parties to the peace process through the Office of the Personal Representative of the Secretary-General. For a number of years the Secretary-General of the United Nations had been closely engaged, through the UN’s Department of Political Affairs, in efforts to encourage a peaceful resolution of the conflict in Nepal.

Mr Ian Martin is the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Nepal, and is the head of UNMIN.
Source: http://unmin.org.np

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) (THE OFFICE HAS CLOSED DOWN)
In 2005, OCHA established its office in Nepal considering the potentiality of a humanitarian crisis in the country, whilst the UN Resident Coordinator was appointed also Humanitarian Coordinator (HC). Through field offices in Nepalgunj and Biratnagar, OCHA assists the HC, the UN system, the Nepal Government and the international community to work effectively together in assessing and monitoring the needs of the most vulnerable and in making sure they receive adequate assistance.
Source: http://un.org.np